试播集 (我为喜剧狂)

我为喜剧狂》分集
导演 亚当·伯恩斯坦英语Adam Bernstein
编剧 蒂娜·菲
摄影师 汤姆·霍顿(Tom Houghton
麦克·特林(Mike Trim
制作代码 101
首播日期 2006年10月10日
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《《后果》》
《我为喜剧狂》 (第1季)

美国情景喜剧我为喜剧狂》的试播集(英語:Pilot Episode)于2006年10月10日通过CTV電視網加拿大首播[1],再于次日通过全国广播公司美国播出[2]。这一集由亚当·伯恩斯坦执导,蒂娜·菲编剧,后者也是本剧的创造人、执行制片人和女主演[3]

2002年,《周六夜现场》首席编剧蒂娜·菲向全国广播公司提出制作一部有关有线新闻网络的电视剧集,但后者没有接受。两年后,菲再次联系全国广播公司,方案与上次相似,讲述的是一个名叫《女子秀》(The Girlie Show),与《周六夜现场》类似电视节目的幕后故事。全国广播公司于2006年5月批准了这个项目,节目制作不久得以展开[4]。这一集获得了评论员的普遍好评,其播时时段在所有18-49岁年龄段观众中收视率排在第三位。评论员称赞了杰克·麦克布瑞尔简·科拉克斯基英语Jane Krakowski的表演,两人分别在剧中扮演肯尼斯·帕塞尔(Kenneth Parcell)和简娜·玛隆妮(Jenna Maroney)。

试播集中还引出了多个角色,喜剧小品《女子季》的首席编剧丽兹·莱蒙英语Liz Lemon(蒂娜·菲饰),电视台的新任高管杰克·唐纳吉英语Jack Donaghy艾力·寶雲饰),还有《女子季》节目的多名编剧和演员。这一集的主要内容是杰克·唐纳吉试图说服丽兹请电影明星崔西·乔丹英语Tracy Jordan崔西·摩根饰)加入《女子秀》,以及剧组成员对崔西试镜表现的反应。

Plot

The show begins with Liz Lemon, the head writer of the television series The Girlie Show, attempting to buy a hot dog before work. After a fellow commuter begins an argument, Liz buys $150 worth of hot dogs and distributes them to random passersby, hobos, and colleagues. When she arrives at work, she is embarrassed when she is forced by Kenneth, the naїve NBC Page who conducts tours around 30 Rock, to introduce herself to a group of Girlie Show fans.

Liz and her producer Pete Hornberger (Scott Adsit) meet with The Girlie Show's new network executive Jack Donaghy. Jack tells Liz and Pete that he has been sent to 30 Rock to re-tool The Girlie Show. After he inadvertently insults her, Liz takes an initial dislike to Jack. Jack asks Liz to hire Tracy Jordan, star of the film Honkey Grandma Be Trippin', as part of the cast. Liz is skeptical as Tracy has a history of problematic behaviour, including running down New York State Route 405 in his underwear while shouting "I am a Jedi!" and falling asleep on his neighbor's roof. In comparison to Liz, Jenna Maroney (Jane Krakowski), the narcissistic star of The Girlie Show, takes to Jack upon their first meeting. She begins to worry when she hears that Tracy may become the new star of the show.

Against her own judgment, Liz meets Tracy at a restaurant, but when Tracy discovers that he does not like the food they go to another restaurant. While Liz tried to convince Tracy not to join The Girlie Show, he discusses conspiracy theories. After the meeting, Tracy offers to take Liz back to the studio, but he makes a detour to a strip club in the Bronx. While trying to get home, Liz learns that Jack fired Pete earlier that day. Tracy and Liz arrive at the studio halfway through the live broadcast of the show. Liz sends Tracy out on stage to talk off the last bit of the show, much to The Girlie Show studio audience's delight and Jenna's shock. Backstage, Liz forces Jack to rehire Pete and to promise to guarantee Jenna's job security.

制作

创意

蒂娜·菲是《周六夜现场》的首席编剧和演员,她于2002年向全国广播公司提议制作一部有关有线新闻网络的电视剧集,该公司娱乐部门总裁Template:Link-cn觉得“菲是用新闻设定来作为自己亲身体验的遮羞布”,所以他“鼓励她把自己所知道的事情写下来”[5]。因此《我为喜剧狂》的试播集及之后的节目,都通过重新设计,改为围绕一个《周六夜现场》类型的节目展开。菲和全国广播公司于2003年5月签订了合同,她至少可以继续从事《周六夜现场》首席编剧一职到2004至2005年电视季度。合同中还要求菲开发一个由NBC环球百老汇视频英语Broadway Video制作的黄金档节目[6]。2004至2005试播集季节期间,菲开始发展一个试播集项目,暂定名为“蒂娜·菲无题项目”。这个试播集剧集就是围绕一个综艺节目的首席编剧展开,她是如何处理好自己和节目演员和执行制片人的关系等。开发过程中部分角色作了更改,如为节目增加了另一个明星,执行制片人也改为公司高管等[7]

Casting

The part of Jack Donaghy was written with Alec Baldwin in mind.

Fey worked with Jennifer McNamara and Adam Bernstein for the casting of the series. Their first decision was for Fey to portray the lead character, Liz Lemon.[8] Fey acknowledged similarities between Liz and her own life when she became head writer on SNL, primarily a heavy focus on her job.[9] Fey asked one of her castmates on SNL, Tracy Morgan, to play Tracy Jordan.[10] Morgan believed the role was "right up [his] alley and it was tailor made for [him]",[11] and Fey noted that Tracy Jordan "acts wild" like Tracy Morgan did at SNL.[12]

Fey wrote the character of naїve NBC page Kenneth Parcell with her friend Jack McBrayer in mind,[8] who has been described as "the show's brightest discovery".[13] She has said that she "really wanted him for that part and was very happy when no one objected".[8] Shortly after McBrayer's casting, Alec Baldwin was cast as Jack Donaghy, the "totally uncensored" Vice President of East Coast Television and Microwave Oven Programming.[14] Fey had written the part with Baldwin in mind, but was "very pleasantly surprised when he agreed to do it".[8] As the series progressed "the push-pull [relationship] between Fey's character, Liz Lemon, the harried head writer of The Girlie Show, and Alec Baldwin's domineering network executive, Jack Donaghy" helped the show find "its rhythm".[15]

Judah Friedlander was cast as the staff writer of The Girlie Show, Frank Rossitano. Before auditioning for the role, Friedlander and Fey had never met. His character was based on at least two writers that Fey used to work with at SNL, but he "certainly brought some of [his] own things to it as well",[16] including his trucker hat wearing persona.[17] Fey based the role of Pete Hornberger, a long time friend of Liz's and producer of The Girlie Show, on Scott Adsit, who agreed to portray the character.[8]

In an unaired pilot for 30 Rock, Rachel Dratch, a former SNL cast member,[18] originally played the role of Jenna DeCarlo. In August 2006, executive producer Lorne Michaels announced that Dratch would be replaced as Jenna but would portray different roles in other episodes. In the re-tooled pilot, Dratch appears as The Girlie Show's cat wrangler.[19] Later in the month, NBC announced that Jane Krakowski had replaced Dratch in the role of Jenna,[20][21][22] and that the character was renamed Jenna Maroney.[23] Michaels said that "everyone is thrilled that she is joining the cast", and thought she was going to be a "perfect fit".[20]

反响

Jane Krakowski, who received praise for her portrayal of Jenna Maroney.

This episode was viewed by 8.13 million viewers and received a Nielsen rating of 2.9/8 in the key adults 18–49 demographic.[24] This episode was the highest rated of the series until October 2008 when the third season premiere episode, "Do-Over", was viewed by 8.7 million viewers. That episode received a 4.1/10 in the 18–49 demographic.[25] In the United Kingdom, the episode attracted 700,000 viewers, 6% of that time slot's viewing audience.[26] The director of this episode, Adam Bernstein, was nominated for the Directors Guild of America Award for "Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy Series", in 2007.[27] Bernstein lost to Richard Shepard for his work on the Ugly Betty pilot.[28]

"Pilot" was generally well received by critics.[29][30] Metacritic gave the episode a Metascore–a weighted average based on the impressions of a select thirty-one critical reviews–of 67 out of 100.[29] Tom Gliatto of People Weekly and Anna Johns of AOL's TV Squad declared 30 Rock the best new comedy of the season.[31][32] Johns described Tracy Jordan's line "I'm from the government and I'm here to inspect your chicken nuggets" as "confoundingly funny", and praised Jane Krakowski's replacement of Rachel Dratch in the Jenna role.[32] Keith Watson of Metro said that "It may just be a Mary Tyler Moore Show for the [21st century] but 30 Rock, er, rocks".[33] Watson rated the episode 4 out of 5 stars.[33] Dorothy Rabinowitz of The Wall Street Journal praised the "hilarious scenes and fine ensemble cast", particularly commenting on Jack McBrayer's performance as Kenneth Parcell and Rachel Dratch's portrayal of the cat-wrangler, Greta Johansen.[34]

Not all critics liked the episode. Oscar Dahl of BuddyTV felt that this episode did not live up to the show's potential.[35] San Francisco Chronicle's Tim Goodman lamented that "the original [episode] was funnier" than the one that aired.[36] Tom Shales of Washington Post said that "the show needs a better premise and funnier dialogue".[37] Despite this, Shales said that 30 Rock "is not a self-important bore like Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip", and praised Tracy Morgan's performance as Tracy Jordan.[37] The New York Times' Alessandra Stanley praised Alec Baldwin's "slyly absurd comic presence that is bigger and brighter than any joke or character actor on the show", but mentioned that "Nothing very funny happens on 30 Rock until Alec Baldwin enters the room, and suddenly this new NBC sitcom comes alive".[38]

参考资料

  1. ^ Fall 2006 Premiere Dates. CTV Television Network. [2008-03-07]. (原始内容存档于2006-10-10). 
  2. ^ Wilkes, Neil. NBC announces Fall premiere dates. Digital Spy. 2006-07-23 [2013-07-28]. (原始内容存档于2012-10-21). 
  3. ^ 30 Rock "Pilot". Yahoo. [2012-03-19]. (原始内容存档于2012-03-20). 
  4. ^ Goldman, Eric. Upfronts Announcement: NBC's Schedule for 2006–2007 Season. IGN. 2006-05-15 [2013-07-28]. (原始内容存档于2012-02-09). 
  5. ^ Poniewozik, James. Do Not Adjust Your Set. Time. 2006-09-18 [2007-10-16]. (原始内容存档于2013-07-13). 
  6. ^ Schneider, Michael. Peacock updates SNL anchor's deal. Variety. 2003-05-05 [2013-07-28]. (原始内容存档于2012-11-06). 
  7. ^ Adalian, Josef; Schneider, Michael. Bruck finds Ring leader. Variety. 2005-02-01 [2013-07-28]. (原始内容存档于2012-11-06). 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 West, Kelly. Interview: Tina Fey Talks About 30 Rock (Part 1). Cinema Blend. 2008-04-01 [2008-07-08]. 
  9. ^ Fey, Tina. Ask Tina: 5/1/08. New York: NBC.com. 2008-05-01 [2008-08-26]. 
  10. ^ Andreeva, Nellie. NBC comedy a reunion for Morgan, Fey. The Hollywood Reporter. 2005-12-01. 
  11. ^ Fickett, Travis. IGN Interview: 30 Rock's Tracy Morgan. IGN. 2006-10-17 [2008-07-08]. 
  12. ^ Fey, Tina. Ask Tina: 12/14/2006. New York: NBC.com. 2006-12-14 [2008-08-26]. 
  13. ^ Shales, Tom. 30 Rock, Solid Enough to Rebuild a Thursday Foundation. The Washington Post. 2006-11-16 [2008-08-26]. 
  14. ^ Andreeva, Nellie. Baldwin eyes Fey's NBC pilot. The Hollywood Reporter. 2007-02-17 [2008-04-01]. (原始内容存档于2008-05-05). 
  15. ^ Allan, Marc D. Polished Rock Rolls On. The Washington Post. 2007-08-26 [2008-08-26]. 
  16. ^ 30 Rock Star Rockets into Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2007-04-19 [2008-08-04]. 
  17. ^ Aleksander, Irina. Five Questions for Judah Friedlander. The New York Observer. 2008-04-24 [2008-08-26]. 
  18. ^ Ravitz, Justin. Unemployment’s a Downer for SNL-er Dratch. New York Magazine. 2008-04-07 [2008-08-15]. 
  19. ^ Schneider, Michael. Inside Move: Dratch latched to multiple Rock roles. Variety. 2006-08-14 [2008-03-02]. 
  20. ^ 20.0 20.1 'Ally' Cat Krakowski Joins '30 Rock'. Zap2it. 2006-08-17 [2010-04-27]. 
  21. ^ Keller, Joel. Jane Krakowski added to 30 Rock. AOL's TV Squad. 2008-08-17 [2008-03-02]. 
  22. ^ Mahan, Colin. 30 Rock adds Jane Krakowski. TV.com. 2006-08-16 [2008-03-02]. 
  23. ^ 30 Rock TV Show, Series – Jane Krakowski. NBC. [2008-08-30]. 
  24. ^ Kissell, Rick. NBC's Rock solid in premiere. Variety. 2006-10-12 [2008-02-27]. 
  25. ^ Kissell, Rick. 'Rock' hits series high. Variety. 2009-10-31 [2010-04-27]. 
  26. ^ Brook, Stephen. Californication entices 1m viewers. The Guardian (London: Media Guardian). 2007-10-12 [2008-02-27]. 
  27. ^ DGA Announces Nominees for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in the television categories of Dramatic Series Night, Comedy Series, Musical Variety, Reality Programs, Daytime Serials and Children's Programs for 2006. Newsletter. Directors Guild of America. 2007 [2010-03-27]. (原始内容存档于2010-03-28).  已忽略未知参数|month=(建议使用|date=) (帮助)
  28. ^ Scorsese wins at DGA Awards. Variety. 2007-02-03 [2008-03-02]. 
  29. ^ 29.0 29.1 30 Rock; Series: NBC, Wednesday 8:00 pm (30 minutes). Metacritic. [2008-02-27]. 
  30. ^ D. Allan, Marc. Polished Rock Rolls On. The Washington Post. 2007-08-26 [2007-09-02]. 
  31. ^ Gliatto, Tom. 30 Rock review. People Weekly (Magazine). 2006-10-16: 39. 
  32. ^ 32.0 32.1 Johns, Anna. 30 Rock: "Pilot" (series premiere). AOL's TV Squad. 2006-10-12 [2007-09-04]. 
  33. ^ 33.0 33.1 Watson, Keith. Last Night's TV; 30 Rock. Metro (Newspaper) (Liverpool: Associated Newspapers Ltd). 2007-10-12: 33. 
  34. ^ Rabinowitz, Dorothy. This Is the Funny One. The Wall Street Journal. 2006-10-06 [2008-02-27]. 
  35. ^ Dahl, Oscar. 30 Rock Pilot Review. BuddyTV. 2006-10-12 [2007-09-04]. 
  36. ^ Goodman, Tim. Fey's show about a show isn't a very good show. San Francisco Chronicle. 2006-10-11 [2008-02-27]. 
  37. ^ 37.0 37.1 Shales, Tom. Supporting Actors Prop Up the Show In NBC's 30 Rock. Washington Post. 2006-10-11 [2008-03-02]. 
  38. ^ Stanley, Alessandra. TV Antics: A Sitcom Mocks Its Milieu. The New York Times. 2006-10-11 [2008-03-02]. 

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