Tiny Thompson

Tiny Thompson
Tiny Thompson.jpg  *
Thompson je razvil povsem svoj slog branjenja. Vselej je klečal na kolenu in imel zgornji del telesa minimalno zaščiten. S palico je pokrival prostor med nogama, medtem ko je s prosto roko lovil ploščke. Na podoben način branijo vratarji danes svoje mreže praktično povsod po svetu.
Osebni podatki
DržavljanstvoZastava Kanade Kanada
Rojstvo(1903-05-31)31. maj 1903
Sandon, BC, CAN  *
Smrt11. februar 1981 (1981-02-11) (77 let)
Calgary, AB, CAN  *

PoložajVratar
Boljša rokaleva
Višina178 cm
Teža73 kg
Profesionalni klubiMinneapolis Millers
Boston Bruins
Detroit Red Wings
Buffalo Bisons
Profesionalna kariera1925 – 1941
Hram slavnih NHL, 1959

Cecil Ralph »Tiny« Thompson, kanadski profesionalni hokejist, * 31. maj 1903, Sandon, Britanska Kolumbija, Kanada, † 11. februar 1981, Calgary, Alberta, Kanada.

Thompson je igral na položaju vratarja. V ligi NHL je preživel 12 sezon, najprej je nastopal za Boston Bruins in nato kasneje še za Deotrit Red Wings. V karieri je štirikrat osvojil naslov najboljšega vratarja lige in pokal Vezina Trophy, leta 1959 so ga sprejeli v Hokejski hram slavnih lige NHL. Že v svoji prvi NHL sezoni je nakazal svoj talent, ko je z odličnimi obrambami v končnici Bruinse popeljal do prvega naslova zmagovalca Stanleyjevega pokala. Na pričetku sezone 1938/39 so ga vodilni možje bostonskega kluba po desetih sezonah zamenjali v Detroit Red Wings. Tisto sezono je tudi končal v Detroitu ter pred umikom iz lige odigral še eno sezono v dresu rdečekrilnikov.

V celotni NHL karieri je zbral 81 shutoutov, kar ga danes uvršča na 6. mesto lestvice vratarjev vseh časov. Po koncu igralske kariere se je posvetil trenerskemu delu v nižjih ligah, a se nato ustalil kot priznan hokejski skavt. Thompson je v hokejski zgodovini pomemben zavoljo svoje vratarske tehnike, ki jo v izpopolnjeni različici uporabljajo še danes. Poleg svojih vratarskih sposobnosti je bil poznan še po odlični tehniki s palico, v zgodovino se je vpisal tudi kot prvi vratar lige NHL s podajo v svoji statistiki.

Zgodnje življenje

Thompson je odrasel v Calgaryju, Alberta, kjer se mu je leta 1906 rodil brat Paul, ki je kasneje prav tako postal profesionalni hokejist. [1] Že kot otrok je veliko časa prebil z igranjem baseballa in hokeja na ledu. [1] Čeprav si položaja vratarja najprej ni preveč želel, ga je sprejel kot priložnost za dokazovanje na tekmah. [2] V najstniških letih se ga je v šali prijel vzdevek »Tiny« (»Majceni«), ki se je obdržal vse do konca kariere. [3] Thompson sicer ni bil nizke telesne višine, dosegal je 178 cm.

Svojo mladinsko kariero je začel leta 1919 pri 16 letih. Njegova prva postaja je bilo moštvo Calgary Monarchs, s katerim se je (neuspešno) potegoval za vsekanadski pokal mladinskih prvakov Memorial Cup. V sklopu tega tekmovanja je tisto leto igral na dveh tekmah in v mrežo spustil 11 zadetkov, kar je v mladinskih tekmovanjih tistega časa veljalo za odličen dosežek. Po sezoni 1920/21 v ekipi Calgary Alberta Grain je za tri sezone odšel v Bellevue, Alberta. Leta 1924 se je nato pridružil ekipi Duluth Hornets in z njo na 40 tekmah vknjižil 11 shutoutov. [4] Naslednjo sezono je okrepil AHA klub Minneapolis Millers, pri katerem je v treh sezonah zbral 118 nastopov, 33 shutoutov in 1.37 GAA (povprečje prejetih zadetkov na tekmo). [4][5]

Liga NHL

Boston Bruins

In the 1929–30 season, Thompson beat Chicago goaltender Charlie Gardiner, a two-time winner, to capture his first Vezina Trophy.

Thompson began his National Hockey League (NHL) career with the Boston Bruins in the 1928–29 season after his contract was purchased by Boston manager Art Ross, who had never seen him play before, owing to his good reputation in Minnesota.[3] In his first game he posted a shutout, becoming the only Hockey Hall of Fame goaltender to accomplish this feat.[6] In his first season, he appeared in all 44 of the Bruins' games, posting 12 shutouts and a 1.15 goals-against average, the second lowest goals-against average in NHL history through the 2008 season, after George Hainsworth's 0.98 the same season.[4] Placing first in the American Division, the Bruins had a perfect record in the playoffs en route to their first Stanley Cup victory, defeating the Montreal Canadiens and the New York Rangers.[7] Thompson recorded three shutouts in the five playoff games, and gave only three goals.[4] That season marked the first time two brothers opposed each other in an NHL game, as Thompson's brother Paul played for the New York Rangers.[8] The Stanley Cup finals were also the first playoff series where two brothers faced off against each other.[5]

The following season, Thompson again appeared in all of the Bruins' 44 games, posting three shutouts and a 2.19 goals-against average. The league changed its rules on forward passing, which resulted in a sharp increase in goalscoring.[4] Boston won all but six games, finishing with a 38–5–1 record, the best winning percentage for any team in a season.[9] Surrendering only 98 goals, Thompson bested Chicago goaltender Charlie Gardiner to win the first of his four Vezina Trophies.[10] The Vezina Trophy is awarded to the league's top goaltender, which was determined prior to the 1981–82 season by number of goals surrendered by goaltenders who had played a minimum number of games.[11] In the playoffs, however, they suffered their first two-game losing streak, as they were swept 2–0 by the Canadiens in the Stanley Cup finals.[12] Earlier in the playoffs, Thompson's winning streak of seven playoff games was snapped; it remains, as of 2008, the longest playoff winning streak to start a career.[13]

Art Ross, pictured during his playing career, became the first coach to pull his goaltender for a sixth attacker; Thompson's leaving the net for an extra player was described as "amazing" the next day.

In the 1930–31 season, he played all 44 games again,[4] and was named to the Second All-Star team.[14] In the playoffs, Boston lost the semifinals to the Montreal Canadiens; during game two of the series Thompson became the first goaltender to be pulled for a sixth attacker at the end of a game to give his team a higher chance to score a goal. Even though Boston still lost, coach Art Ross' maneuver was described as "amazing" the following day, and this technique, known as "open net", caught on with the rest of the league.[15]

The Bruins missed the playoffs for the first time in Thompson's career in the 1931–32 season. He won only 13 games while appearing in 43 out of Boston's 48 games, which was the only time he missed games as a member of the Bruins.[4][9] The next season, Boston made the playoffs once more, losing to the Toronto Maple Leafs. The final game of the playoff series was described as Thompson's most memorable.[16] During that game, Toronto and Boston were tied after regulation time and over 100 minutes of overtime proceeded, with Thompson dueling Toronto's goaltender Lorne Chabot. After the end of the fifth overtime period, managers Conn Smythe of the Maple Leafs and Art Ross of the Bruins asked league president Frank Calder to suspend the game, but Calder refused. Early in the sixth overtime period, a pass from Boston defenseman Eddie Shore was intercepted, and Ken Doraty skated in on a breakaway, cleanly beating Thompson at 4:46 of the period. The losing goaltender in the second-longest NHL game, Thompson received a standing ovation from fans at the Maple Leaf Gardens.[16] Thompson finished the playoff series with 1.23 goals-against average, despite a losing record.[4]

Thompson became the second goaltender to win his second Vezina Trophy in 1932–33 since its inception in the 1926–27 season,[17] as he recorded 11 shutouts and a 1.76 goals-against average.[11] After missing the playoffs in the 1933–34 season, they rebounded to first place in the American Division the following season,[18] as Thompson was named to the Second All-Star team for the second time.[14] In the playoffs, the Bruins won only one of their four games; their only win was on the strength of Thompson's shutout, who finished the playoffs with a 1.53 goals-against average.[4]

In the 1935–36 NHL season, Thompson recorded 10 shutouts, but Boston managed to win only 22 out of their 48 games. During the season, he recorded an assist, a rarity for goaltenders.[3] At the end of the season, he was named to the First All-Star team for the first time,[14] and won the Vezina Trophy for the third time, tying George Hainsworth's all-time mark with three victories.[19][11] The ensuing two-game, total-goal playoff series against the Toronto Maple Leafs was series of contrasts, as the Bruins lost 8–6. In one game, the Bruins shut out Toronto 6–0, while they lost the other game 8–0.[4] In 1937–38, his final full season with the Bruins, he won 30 out of the 48 games, but Boston lost to the Maple Leafs once again in the playoffs.[20] Thompson set a new record by winning his fourth Vezina Trophy, which was his last victory.[21] He was also named to the First All-Star team for the second time.[14]

Detroit Red Wings

Thompson appeared in only five games for the Bruins in the 1938–39 season,[4] as Boston decided to replace the aging goaltender with the substantially younger Frank Brimsek. Brimsek wold go on to lead the Bruins to a Stanley Cup victory that season, earning the nickname "Mister Zero" while picking up 10 regular season shutouts, the Vezina Trophy, First All-Star Team honours, and the Calder Memorial Trophy, which is given to "to the player selected as the most proficient in his first year of competition".[22][23] To make space for Brimsek, Thompson was traded to the Detroit Red Wings for Normie Smith and $15,000; Thompson also received a $1,000 bonus from Boston.[24]

Boston manager Art Ross predicted that Thompson, now 35, would play for the Red Wings for at least another five seasons; however, Thompson remained with the team for only two seasons before retiring from playing. The Red Wings posted a losing record in both of these seasons, although they made the playoffs both times. Overall, Thompson appeared in 85 regular season games for Detroit, recording a 32–41–12 record, seven shutouts, and a 2.54 goals-against average,[24] and in 11 playoff games, posting a 5–6, with one shutout and a 2.41 goal-against average.[4]

Kasnejša igralska kariera

After retiring from professional play, Thompson became the head coach of the Buffalo Bisons of the American Hockey League (AHL) in the 1940–41 season.[24] He coached 56 games in two seasons. The Bisons missing the playoffs both times.[25] He appeared in one game as goaltender in the 1940–41 season. During World War II, Thompson served in the Royal Canadian Air Force and doubled as the coach of the Calgary RCAF Mustangs of the Alberta Senior Hockey League. He led the Mustangs to the league championship series in 1942–43 against the Calgary Currie Army team where injuries to the Mustangs' goaltenders brought him back onto the ice in March 1943. With Thompson in goal, the Mustangs defeated Currie Army 8–4 to tie the best-of-five series at two wins apiece.[26] He played the deciding game, but his team fell short of winning the Alberta title with a 3–1 loss to Currie Army.[27] After the war, Thompson became chief Western Canada scout for the Chicago Black Hawks.[16] He was one of few scouts who sought to discover a player's personality along with their playing ability, often conversing with players as part of efforts to learn about the players he was watching.[28]

Slog

Thompson dejansko ni bil prvi NHL vratar s podajo v svoji statistika, bil pa je prvi z namerno podajo v svoji statistiki. V sezoni 1917/18 je namreč prvo vratarsko podajo v zgodovini dosegel Georges Vézina (na sliki). Vézina sicer podaje ni načrtoval, saj je zgolj obranil strel s svojimi ščitniki na nogah. Odbiti plošček je prišel do napadalca iz Vézinajeve ekipe, ki je nato dosegel zadetek.

Thompson je veljal za pokončnega vratarja, ki se je le redko oprl na obe koleni, da bi zaustavil plošček. V ligi NHL je bil eden prvih vratarjev, ki so ploščke lovili z roko in je tudi močno pripomogel k širitvi te tehnike. Bil je eden najboljših lovilcev ploščkov svoje dobe, še posebej ker so v tistih časih vratarji nosili manjše rokavice od soigralcev na zunanjih položajih. V vrata se je običajno postavil z najosnovnejšo zaščito, s čimer je veliko tvegal predvsem pri lovljenjih ploščka, ki se jih je posluževal dosti pogosteje kot izbijanj. Znan je tudi po svoji prepoznavni vratarski pozi, v kateri se pojavlja na številnih fotografijah. Gre za položaj, pri katerem je klečal na enem kolenu, s palico pokrival področje med nogama in s prosto roko lovil ploščke. Nikoli ni nosil dandanašnjih modernih blokerskih ali lovilnih rokavic, temveč je vse opravil z običajnimi rokavicami tistega časa. Johnny Bower, bivši vratar in član Hokejskega hrama slavnih lige NHL, je Thompsona označil za dobrega v igri s palico in za enega najboljših podajalcev svojega časa. Thompson je tako v sezoni 1935/36 postal prvi vratar v zgodovini lige, ki je v svojo statistiko vknjižil podajo. To mu je uspelo tako, da je plošček namenoma podal do soigralca. [1][3] Prvo vratarsko podajo lige je sicer 18 let prej dosegel Georges Vézina, ki pa svoje podaje ni načrtoval in mu je uspela »ponesreči.«

Zapuščina

Thompson se je upokojil pri 81 shutoutih, kar ga uvršča na 2. mesto vratarske lestvice vseh časov. Od igralcev njegove generacije je zaostal le za Georgem Hainsworthom (94 shutoutov, na sliki).

Thompsonovo povprečje prejetih zadetkov na tekmo .875, ki mu je uspel v sezoni 1929/30, še danes velja za rekord lige NHL. [29] V tisti sezoni je zbral 38 zmag, kar je presegel le Pete Peeters s 40 zmagami na 62 odigranih tekmah v sezoni 1982/83. Poleg Peetersa ni noben vratar Bruinsov vknjižil več kot 37 zmag v eni sezoni. [30] Na interni lestvici Bostonovih vratarjev Thompson še danes zaseda prvo mesto v odigranih tekmah, zmagah, shutoutih in GAA povprečju. [31] V celotni NHL karieri je vknjižil 81 shutoutov, kar je šesti najboljši dosežek v zgodovini lige. [6] Od igralcev njegove generacije je zaostal le za Georgem Hainsworthom (94 shutoutov). [32] Na tekmah končnice je dosegel sedem shutoutov. [33] Na vratarski lestvici vseh časov zaseda v kategoriji GAA povprečja 5. mesto z 2.08 prejetih zadetkov na časovno obdobje 60 minut. [34] V rednem delu NHL sezone so ga 10-krat okronali za najboljšega vratarja, medtem ko je gledano celotne sezone slavil 5-krat. [33]

Thompsona so leta 1959 sprejeli v Hokejski hram slavnih lige NHL. Umrl je 9. februarja 1981 v Calgaryju. [35] Preživeli sta ga soproga Edith in hči Sandra. [36]

Career statistics

Regular season

Season Team League GP W L T SO GAA
1925–26 Minneapolis Millers CHL 36 10 1.64
1926–27 Minneapolis Millers AHA 38 17 11 10 9 1.42
1927–28 Minneapolis Millers AHA 40 28 7 5 12 1.23
1928–29 Boston Bruins NHL 44 26 13 5 12 1.15
1929–30 Boston Bruins NHL 44 38 5 1 3 2.19
1930–31 Boston Bruins NHL 44 28 10 6 3 1.98
1931–32 Boston Bruins NHL 43 13 19 11 9 2.29
1932–33 Boston Bruins NHL 48 25 15 8 11 1.76
1933–34 Boston Bruins NHL 48 18 25 5 5 2.62
1934–35 Boston Bruins NHL 48 26 16 6 8 2.26
1935–36 Boston Bruins NHL 48 22 20 6 10 1.68
1936–37 Boston Bruins NHL 48 23 18 7 6 2.22
1937–38 Boston Bruins NHL 48 30 11 7 7 1.80
1938–39 Boston Bruins NHL 5 3 1 1 0 1.55
1938–39 Detroit Red Wings NHL 39 16 17 6 4 2.53
1939–40 Detroit Red Wings NHL 46 16 24 6 3 2.54
1940–41 Buffalo Bisons AHL 1 0 0 0 0 1.50
NHL totals 553 284 194 75 81 2.08

Playoffs

Season Team League GP W L T SO GAA
1925–26 Minneapolis Millers CHL 3 3 0 0 2 0.33
1926–27 Minneapolis Millers AHA 6 3 3 0 1 1.33
1927–28 Minneapolis Millers AHA 8 4 0 4 5 0.38
1928–29 Boston Bruins NHL 5 5 0 0 3 0.60
1929–30 Boston Bruins NHL 6 3 3 0 0 1.67
1930–31 Boston Bruins NHL 5 2 3 0 0 2.27
1932–33 Boston Bruins NHL 5 2 3 0 0 1.23
1934–35 Boston Bruins NHL 4 1 3 0 1 1.53
1935–36 Boston Bruins NHL 2 1 1 0 1 4.00
1936–37 Boston Bruins NHL 3 1 2 1 2.67
1937–38 Boston Bruins NHL 3 0 3 0 1.70
1939–40 Detroit Red Wings NHL 6 3 3 1 2.41
1939–40 Detroit Red Wings NHL 5 2 3 0 2.40
1942–43 Calgary RCAF Mustangs CNDHL 4 3.00
NHL totals 44 20 24 0 7 1.88

Awards

NHL

Award Years
Vezina Trophy 1930, 1933, 1936, 1938
First All-Star Team Goaltender 1936, 1938
Second All-Star Team Goaltender 1931, 1935

Viri

Splošni
  • Allen, Kevin; Duff, Bob; Bower, Johnny (2002), Without Fear: Hockey's 50 greatest goaltenders, Chicago: Triumph Books, ISBN 9781572434844 
  • Duplacey, James; Diamond, Dan (2000), The Official Rules of Hockey, Globe Pequot, ISBN 9781585740529 
  • Fischler, Stan (2001), Boston Bruins: Greatest Moments and Players, Sports Publishing LLC, ISBN 9781582613741 
  • Fischler, Stan (2003), Who's Who in Hockey, Andrews McMeel Publishing, ISBN 0740719041 
  • Weekes, Don (2005), The Big Book of Hockey Trivia, Greystone Books, ISBN 9781553651192 
  • Weekes, Don; Banks, Kerry (2004), The Unofficial Guide to Even More of Hockey's Most Unusual Records, Greystone Books, ISBN 9781553650621 
Specifični
  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 Allen, Duff & Bower 2002, str. 50
  2. Fischler 2001, str. 133
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 3,3 Allen, Duff & Bower 2002, str. 51
  4. 4,00 4,01 4,02 4,03 4,04 4,05 4,06 4,07 4,08 4,09 4,10 4,11 Tiny Thompson—statistika kariere, Hokejski hram slavnih, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25  (angleško)
  5. 5,0 5,1 Tiny Thompson—življenjepis, Hokejski hram slavnih, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25  (angleško)
  6. 6,0 6,1 Allen, Duff & Bower 2002, str. 49
  7. 1928–29 Boston Bruins statistics, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25 
  8. Weekes 2005, str. 302
  9. 9,0 9,1 Boston Bruins season, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25 
  10. 1929–30 Vezina Trophy Winner—Tiny Thompson, Hockey Hall of Fame, pridobljeno dne 2009-05-02 
  11. 11,0 11,1 11,2 Vezina Trophy, NHL, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25 
  12. 1929–30 Boston Bruins statistics, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25 
  13. Weekes & Banks 2004, str. 187
  14. 14,0 14,1 14,2 14,3 Tiny Thompson: Notes, NHL, pridobljeno dne 2008-12-07 
  15. Duplacey & Diamond 2000, str. 187
  16. 16,0 16,1 16,2 Fischler 2001, str. 134
  17. 1932–33 Vezina Trophy Winner—Tiny Thompson, Hockey Hall of Fame, pridobljeno dne 2009-05-02 
  18. 1934–35 Boston Bruins statistics, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25 
  19. 1935–36 Vezina Trophy Winner—Tiny Thompson, Hockey Hall of Fame, pridobljeno dne 2009-05-02 
  20. 1937–38 Boston Bruins statistics, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25 
  21. 1937–38 Vezina Trophy Winner—Tiny Thompson, Hockey Hall of Fame, pridobljeno dne 2009-05-02 
  22. Calder Memorial Trophy, nhl.com, pridobljeno dne 2007-08-21 
  23. Fischler 2003, str. 45
  24. 24,0 24,1 24,2 Cecil (Tiny) Thompson 1939–40, Detroit Red Wings, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25 
  25. Cecil "Tiny" Thompson, hockeydb.com, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25 
  26. "Mustangs flying high for 8–4 victory to deadlock series", Calgary Herald, 1943-03-18, str. 14 
  27. "Currie gives classy display to win provincial title", Calgary Herald, 1943-03-19, str. 12 
  28. Tennant, Jack (1981-02-13), "In memory of Tiny Thompson", Calgary Sun, str. 5 
  29. Lestvica vratarjev, GAA, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-12-19  (angleško)
  30. Boston Bruins, vodilni igralci, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-12-19  (angleško)
  31. Boston Bruins, vodilni igralci, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-12-19  (angleško)
  32. Vodilni vratarji v shutoutih, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-12-19  (angleško)
  33. 33,0 33,1 Tiny Thompson, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25  (angleško)
  34. Vratarji po GAA povprečju, Sports Reference, LCC, pridobljeno dne 2008-12-19  (angleško)
  35. Cecil (Tiny) Thompson, New York Times, 1981-02-12, pridobljeno dne 2008-08-25  (angleško)
  36. "Osmrtnica", Calgary Sun, 1981-02-11, str. 44  (angleško)

External links

Nagrade in dosežki
Predhodnik:
George Hainsworth
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1930
Naslednik:
Roy Worters
Predhodnik:
Charlie Gardiner
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1933
Naslednik:
Charlie Gardiner
Predhodnik:
Lorne Chabot
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1936
Naslednik:
Normie Smith
Predhodnik:
Normie Smith
Winner of the Vezina Trophy
1938
Naslednik:
Frank Brimsek