Cyclone Taylor

Fred Taylor
CycloneTaylor2.JPG  *
Osebni podatki
VzdevekCyclone
DržavljanstvoZastava Kanade Kanada
RojstvoFrederick Wellngton Taylor
(1884-06-23)23. junij 1884
Tara, Ontario, Kanada  *
Smrt9. junij 1979 (1979-06-09) (94 let)
Vancouver, Britanska Kolumbija, Kanada  *

PoložajRover (R)
Boljša rokaLeva
Višina173 cm
Teža75 kg
Profesionalni klubiPortage Lakes Hockey Club (IPHL)
Ottawa Senators (ECAHA)
Renfrew Creamery Kings (NHA)
Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA)
Vancouver Maroons (PCHA)
Profesionalna kariera1907 – 1923
Hram slavnih NHL, 1947

Frederick Wellington "Cyclone" Taylor, OBE, kanadski profesionalni hokejist, * 23. junij 1884, Tara, Ontario, Kanada, † 9. junij 1979, Vancouver, Britanska Kolumbija, Kanada.

Taylor je v svoji karieri igral za moštva Portage Lakes Hockey Club, Ottawa Hockey Club, Renfrew Creamery Kings, Vancouver Millionaires in Vancouver Maroons. V času svoje igralske kariere so ga pogosto imenovali "hokejski Ty Cobb".

Igralska kariera

Taylor se je rodil v Tari, Ontario, in odraščal v Listowelu, kjer je igral za tamkajšnji mladinski in članski klub v ligi Ontario Hockey Association. V sezoni 1904/05 se je pridružil moštvu iz Thessalona, ki ga je vodil Grindy Forrester. Preden je začel za moštvo igrati, je nastal spor o tem, katero moštvo v ligi OHA ima pravice zanj. Liga OHA, ki jo je tedaj zastopal sekretar W. A. Hewitt, je zavrnila Taylorja in mu ni podelila dovoljenja za bivanje v Thessalonu. Prav tako je Taylor dobil prepoved igranja v ligi OHA. Zaprosil je za premestitev, a so ga zavrnili, tako da je ostal v Thessalonu čez zimo. Nekateri viri navajajo, da je Hewitt želel, da bi Taylor igral za moštvo Toronto Marlboros in je zato odbijal njegova prizadevanja, da bi igral za ostala moštva. [1]

V sezoni 1905/06 je Taylor igral nekaj tekem za ekipo Portage la Prairie Cities iz Manitobe. Številna moštva v novi ligi International Professional Hockey League so ga poskušala privabiti k sebi, med drugim Sault Ste. Marie Marlboros in Calumet-Larium Miners, ki je z njim celo podpisalo pogodbo. Taylor je naposled pristal v moštvu Portage Lakes Hockey Club, ki je osvojilo ligo. V moštvu je začel na položaju napadalca, a je bil za soigralce prehiter, tako da je igral na položaju pointa. Liga IPHL je zaradi neusklajenosti igralskih plač in prihodkov lige razpadla leta 1907.

Slava v prestolnici

Taylor then joined the Ottawa Senators of the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association, for whom he played two seasons, for an annual salary and promise of a civil service job. While playing for Ottawa in 1907, the Governor General gave him the nickname "Cyclone", based on his skating ability.[2] In December 1907, it was reported that Taylor had been offered $1,500 to leave Ottawa and play for the team in Renfrew, Ontario for the 1907–08 season. He declined the offer.

Taylor played lacrosse in 1908 for the Ottawa Capitals, and was arrested during a game on June 27 1908 for punching referee Tom Carlind in the face after receiving a penalty. The referee wouldn't press charges but the league president was in attendance and recommended that Taylor be given a lifetime suspension from the National Lacrosse Union. The league governors decided only to issue a censure. The team expected Taylor to join them the following season, but he chose not to return and to focus on his job and hockey. He tried to return to the Capitals in 1910, but was released by the team, but was back playing for the Caps in 1911.

At the start of the 1908–09 season, Taylor was given a month's vacation from his government job in Ottawa and went to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to play in the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League. The WPHL season opened in mid-November, so Taylor could play there for a month and not miss any of Ottawa's ECHL games.

Eden od milijonarjev

CycloneTaylorCloseup.JPG

In December 1909, coming off a Stanley Cup winning season in Ottawa, it was reported that Taylor had a falling out with the club over his government job and his demand for more money. The Renfrew Hockey Club of the new National Hockey Association (NHA) announced that they had signed Taylor, but a week later Taylor said that he had decided to stay in Ottawa. After another week, Taylor changed his mind and said he would join Renfrew, signing for a reported $5,250 for one season (because of the high salaries the players got, the fans called them the Renfrew Millionaires).

Taylor then quit his federal government job with the Department of the Interior in Ottawa. At the same time, Lester Patrick was given a similar contract to join the Renfrew team, along with his brother, Frank Patrick. Newsy Lalonde joined the team mid-season. Despite the high-priced talent, with four future hall-of-famers in their starting seven, Renfrew finished third. It was reported at the end of February 1910 that the team would lose $17,000 during the season and was in danger of folding. The team played one more season—with significantly reduced salaries, and without the Patricks and Lalonde—and then disbanded.

In 1911, Taylor became the property of Sam Lichtenhein and the NHA Montreal Wanderers. Lichtenhein wanted Taylor to be a drawing card in Montreal, but, in November 1911, Taylor said he would sooner retire from hockey than join the Wanderers. To the uproar of the Wanderers, he played for Ottawa against the Wanderers on January 24 1912. Taylor's play was so poor, he was replaced after one period, with Montreal in the lead 2-0.[3] Ottawa came back to win the game, 10-6. The Wanderers formally protested and the game was ordered replayed. Taylor and the Ottawa team were each fined $100 by the league and Taylor was given an indefinite suspension. However, despite this, at the end of the season in March, Taylor was selected for an NHA All-Star team which played against the three PCHA teams in British Columbia.[4]

V Vancouvru

Meanwhile, the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) was formed by Taylor's former teammates, Lester Patrick and Frank Patrick, and they encouraged Taylor to come west. In November 1912, it was announced that he would be paid $1,200 to join the Vancouver Millionaires. As he prepared to leave for the west coast, Taylor said he wouldn't play in the NHA again under any circumstances. Before he left, Taylor said one of the two new Toronto teams in the NHA was owned by Lichtenhein, who was plotting to send Taylor to Toronto and prevent him from playing for Ottawa. The accusation was denied by the presidents of both Toronto teams and by Lichtenhein, who all said he had no ownership stake in either team. In Vancouver, Taylor was moved from cover-point (defence) to centre where he played the rest of his career. Taylor helped lead the Millionaires to their only Stanley Cup victory in 1915. He won five scoring titles in the PCHA, including 32 goals in 18 games in 1917–18. He had completed his career in 1921, but came back for one more game in 1922–23.

Pregled kariere

    Regular season   Playoffs
Season Team League GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM
1902–03 Listowel Hockey Club OHA Jr. -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1903–04 Listowel Hockey Club OHA -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1905–06 Portage la Prairie MHA 4 4 0 4 -- -- -- -- -- --
1905–06 Portage Lakes Hockey Club IHL 6 11 0 11 0 -- -- -- -- --
1906–07 Portage Lakes Hockey Club IHL 23 14 0 14 0 -- -- -- -- --
1907–08 Ottawa Senators ECAHA 10 9 0 9 40 -- -- -- -- --
1908–09 Pittsburgh Pros WPHL 3 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- -- --
1909 Ottawa Senators ECAHA 11 9 0 9 28 -- -- -- -- --
1910 Renfrew Creamery Kings NHA 13 9 4 13 24 -- -- -- -- --
1910–11 Renfrew Creamery Kings NHA 16 12 0 12 21 -- -- -- -- --
1911–12 Ottawa Senators NHA 1‡ 0 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- --
1912–13 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 14 10 8 18 5 -- -- -- -- --
1913–14 Vancouver Millionaries PCHA 16 24 15 39 18 -- -- -- -- --
1914–15 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 16 23 22 45 9 3 7 3 10 3
1915–16 Vancouver Millionaries PCHA 18 22 13 35 9 -- -- -- -- --
1916–17 Vancouver Millionaries PCHA 12 14 15 29 12 -- -- -- -- --
1917–18 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 18 32 11 43 0 7 9 2 11 15
1919 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 20 23 13 36 12 2 1 0 1 0
1919–20 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 10 6 6 12 0 1 0 0 0 0
1920–21 Vancouver Millionaires PCHA 6 5 1 6 0 3 0 1 1 0
1922–23 Vancouver Maroons PCHA 1 0 0 0 0 -- -- -- -- --
NHA totals 29 21 4 25 25 -- -- -- -- --
PCHA totals 131 159 104 263 59 16 17 6 23 18

‡ Taylor played one period in game January 24, 1912 versus Montreal Wanderers. Taylor's rights belonged to Montreal, but he refused to leave Ottawa to join Montreal. The Wanderers protested and the game was ordered replayed without Taylor.

Urad za priseljevanje

Taylor joined the Canadian Immigration Branch in October, 1907, a job that was arranged as an inducement to get Taylor to play for the Ottawa Senators.[5] When he moved to Vancouver he kept his job with the branch. He was involved, as the No. 3 immigration officer in Vancouver, in the infamous Komagata Maru Incident, in which a steamship of 376 Sikh, Muslim and Hindu immigrants were not permitted to land and were forced to return to India.[6] He later became the Commissioner of Immigration for British Columbia and the Yukon, a position he held until his retirement in 1950. In 1949, Taylor was named as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for outstanding service to the country and community as an immigration officer in two wars.[7]

His second son, John Taylor, was a lawyer in Vancouver who was involved in immigration law cases until his retirement in 1988.

Politična kariera

Taylor je v letih 1952 [8] in 1953 [9] neuspešno kandidiral na lokalnih volitvah Britanske Kolumbije na listi stranke British Columbia Conservative Party. Kljub neuspehu je bil nato izvoljen v odbor za parke Vancouver Parks Board. [10]

Kasnejše življenje

After retiring from hockey, Taylor was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1947. His retirement years featured some painful moments with the death of his mother in 1934, and not being able to make it to her funeral, the loss of his wife — whom he had married in 1914 — from a heart seizure in 1963 and the death of his youngest child, Joan Franklin, in 1976 due to a heart weakness brought on by stringent dieting in her days as a figure skater.[navedi vir] Taylor is also reported to have been a Freemason.[11]

A popular legend claims that before a game, Taylor said that he could score skating backwards, and he did just that. However, Taylor himself long disputed the legend, saying he made the comments as a joke, and his famous "backwards" goal, only involved a brief period of backward skating and the actual goal was scored just like any other.

Eric Whitehead's book Cyclone Taylor: A Hockey Legend says Taylor was a fixture at Vancouver Canucks games from the time the Canucks came into the NHL, sitting in the crowd with his Homberg hat. He was president of the Pacific Coast Hockey League from 1936 to 1940. Taylor helped start the B.C. Hockey Benevolent Association in the 1950s, and served as a director until his death.

After breaking his hip in 1978, his health went downhill and he died in his sleep in Vancouver on June 9, 1979 — two weeks short of his 95th birthday. In pregame ceremonies prior to the first game of the 1979–80 season, he was honoured by the Canucks and the award for Vancouver Canucks most valuable player was renamed the Cyclone Taylor Award.

There is also a chain of popular hockey equipment stores in Greater Vancouver and Edmonton named "Cyclone Taylor Sports", which were started by Taylor's oldest son, Fred Taylor Jr., in 1957. A grandson, Mark Taylor, played during five seasons in the National Hockey League with the Philadelphia Flyers, Pittsburgh Penguins and Washington Capitals, from 1981 to 1986.

Furthermore, in Ottawa, a street surrounding the Ottawa Senators arena, Scotiabank Place is named after Taylor.

Viri

Glavni

Whitehead, Eric. Cyclone Taylor: A Hockey Legend. 

Specifični
  1. "Pioneer executive W.A. Hewitt," Peter Wilton, Total Hockey (1998 izdaja), Total Sports, 1998, str. 30.
  2. Cyclone Taylor Sports (2007). "About CycloneTaylor.com". Cyclone Taylor Sports. Pridobljeno dne 2007-06-30. 
  3. "Ottawa Beat Wanderers". The Globe. 25. januar 1925. str. 12. 
  4. "Western All-Stars Win". The Globe. 4. april 1912. str. 14. 
  5. Whitehead, E., Cyclone Taylor: A Hockey Legend, pp. 57 to 63
  6. Whitehead, Ibid., p. 163
  7. Whitehead, Ibid., p. 193
  8. Volitve 1952 (angleško)
  9. Volitve 1953 (angleško)
  10. Whitehead, Ibid., str. 194
  11. "Famous Freemasons". Pridobljeno dne 2008-04-26. 

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