Tropical Depression Ten (2007)

Tropical Depression Ten
Tropical depression (SSHWS/NWS)
TD Ten 21 sept 2007 1650Z.jpg
Tropical Depression Ten near landfall
FormedSeptember 21, 2007
DissipatedSeptember 22, 2007
Highest winds1-minute sustained: 35 mph (55 km/h)
Lowest pressure1005 mbar (hPa); 29.68 inHg
FatalitiesNone reported
Damage$6.2 million (2007 USD)
Areas affectedFlorida, Georgia, Alabama
Part of the 2007 Atlantic hurricane season

Tropical Depression Ten was a short-lived tropical cyclone that made landfall on the Florida Panhandle in September 2007. The system developed as a subtropical depression on September 21 in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico from the interaction of a tropical wave, the tail end of a cold front, and an upper-level low. Initially containing a poorly defined circulation and intermittent thunderstorm activity, the system transitioned into a tropical depression after convection increased over the center. Tracking northwestward, the depression moved ashore near Fort Walton Beach early on September 22 and dissipated over southeastern Alabama shortly thereafter.

Initially the depression was forecast to move ashore as a minimal tropical storm, and the threat of the depression prompted state of emergency declarations in Mississippi and Louisiana. It was the first tropical cyclone to threaten the New Orleans area since Hurricane Katrina and the destructive 2005 hurricane season. Overall impact from the cyclone was minor and largely limited to light rainfall. However, the precursor system spawned a damaging tornado in Eustis, Florida, where 20 houses were destroyed and 30 more were damaged.

Meteorological history

Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

Tropical Depression Ten formed from the complex interaction between an upper-level low, a tropical wave that produced Tropical Storm Ingrid, and the tail end of a cold front. By September 17, the system produced widespread thunderstorm activity over The Bahamas and western Atlantic Ocean.[1] The upper-level low over the Florida Panhandle increased convection across the area, and on September 18 the system began crossing Florida.[2] Initially very disorganized, surface pressures gradually decreased across the region, with a weak low-pressure area developing on September 19.[3]

A reconnaissance aircraft flight into the system on September 20 reported a well-defined low and strong wind gusts in squalls as the system tracked into the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, along with limited and disorganized thunderstorm activity.[4] Convection gradually became better organized, with a well-defined band in its eastern semicircle and intermittent thunderstorm activity near the center. Despite an overall disorganized structure, with a poorly defined circulation and an upper-level low aloft, the National Hurricane Center initiated advisories on Subtropical Depression Ten at 1500 UTC on September 21 while it was located about 40 miles (60 km) south of St. Vincent Island, Florida, citing "the potential for additional development right along the coastline."[5] In post-analysis, it was classified a subtropical cyclone three hours earlier.[1]

With a mid-level ridge to its northwest, the subtropical depression was anticipated to parallel the coastline of the Gulf Coast of the United States. As a result, it was forecast to attain winds of 45 mph (75 km/h) and move ashore along southern Mississippi.[5] The circulation became better defined as convection modestly increased over the center, and within six hours of its development the system transitioned into a tropical depression. The cyclone continued tracking northwestward,[6] making landfall around 0000 UTC on September 22 near Fort Walton Beach, Florida, with winds of 35 mph (55 km/h).[7] The cloud pattern deteriorated as it tracked inland, and 3 hours after it moved ashore the National Hurricane Center issued its last advisory on the depression.[8] As the depression tracked into Alabama, it became increasingly disorganized,[9] and the system dissipated as a tropical cyclone early on September 22.[1] Its remnant surface low continued west-northwest before dissipating near the Louisiana/Texas border early on September 23.[10]

Preparations and impact

Tornado damage in Eustis, Florida

The combination of wind shear and low-level helicity produced moderate convection across central Florida in association with the precursor low pressure system. Late on September 20, a supercell developed near Lake Apopka, and tracking quickly northward it spawned an EF1 tornado near Eustis; the tornado tracked about 2 miles (3 km) and reached winds of about 100 mph (160 km/h).[11] The tornado destroyed 20 homes, left 30 others severely damaged, injured one person, and caused power outages for about 300 people.[12] Damage totaled $6.2 million (2007 USD).[13] Tornadoes were also reported near Marianna and Chipley.[14] The precursor low pressure system also generated lightning that stuck and killed a man in Hendry County, Florida.[15]

Outer rainbands began affecting coastal sections of the Florida Panhandle by about 12 hours prior to the formation of the depression.[16] Coinciding with the first advisory on the depression, the National Hurricane Center issued a tropical storm warning from Apalachicola, Florida, westward to the mouth of the Mississippi River.[17] Shortly thereafter, an inland tropical storm warning was issued for Pearl River, Walthall, and Pike counties in Mississippi and Washington Parish in Louisiana. Additionally, the New Orleans National Weather Service issued a coastal flood watch for four parishes in southeastern Louisiana.[18] In Mississippi, Governor Haley Barbour declared a state of emergency. Officials ordered a mandatory evacuation for residents in shallow areas and in mobile homes for Jackson, Harrison, and Hancock counties.[19] Officials in New Orleans opened three emergency shelters,[20] citing the potential need of shelter for citizens in about 17,000 FEMA trailers after Hurricane Katrina. Due to the threat of the cyclone, Louisiana governor Kathleen Blanco declared a state of emergency and placed the state's National Guard and other disaster services on reserve.[21]

Total rainfall from the depression

Waves of about 5 feet (1.5 m) and rip currents were reported along the west coast of Florida.[22] However, no beach erosion was reported.[15] Rainfall associated with the system peaked at 7.29 inches (185 mm) at Hastings.[10] Elsewhere, rainfall totals reached 1.46 inches (37.1 mm) in Albany, Georgia, and 0.51 inches (13 mm) in Dothan, Alabama.[9] Wind gusts from the storm peaked at 46 mph (74 km/h) in Milton, Florida, which blew town a few trees in Escambia County.[23] Overall damage from the depression was minimal.[1] Storm surge ranged from 2.5 to 4.1 feet (0.76 to 1.25 m) along the Panhandle.[15]

Prior to its development, several oil and gas companies removed unneeded workers from offshore oil platforms in the northern Gulf of Mexico; Shell Oil Company evacuated about 700 employees, while Noble Energy removed its workforce of about 300 people from two oil rigs.[24] ExxonMobil cut its output by about 1,000 barrels of oil and 55,000 cubic feet (1,600 m3).[25] With 27.7% of the daily crude oil production halted due to the depression, oil prices rose further after days of increasing levels, and on September 20 reached a record rate of over $84 per barrel.[26]


List of confirmed tornadoes – Thursday, September 20, 2007
Time (UTC)
Path length
EF1 Eustis area Lake 28°50′N 81°41′W / 28.84°N 81.68°W / 28.84; -81.68 0257 1.8 miles (2.9 km) Brief touchdown, with the tornado destroying 20 homes, causing serious damage to 30 others, and minor damage to an additional 81 homes. Left $6.2 million in damages.
EF1 W of Mayo Lafayette 30°03′N 83°15′W / 30.05°N 83.25°W / 30.05; -83.25 0420 0.3 miles (0.5 km) Brief touchdown; the tornado uprooted large oak trees with debris on State Highway 53 and County Road 351. Caused $2,000 in damages.
List of confirmed tornadoes – Friday, September 21, 2007
EF0 ENE of Waresboro Ware 31°15′N 82°28′W / 31.25°N 82.47°W / 31.25; -82.47 0845 0.6 miles (1.0 km) Brief touchdown, with 12 structures suffering slight to moderate damage to roofs and skirting. Most damaged structures were mobile homes and outbuildings. A few trees and power lines were also blown down.
EF0 W of Blue Springs Barbour 31°40′N 85°34′W / 31.66°N 85.57°W / 31.66; -85.57 2234 0.4 miles (0.6 km) Brief touchdown, a Sheriff's Deputy reported a tornado near the intersection of County Route 23 and County Route 8, just southeast of Clio. The Deputy observed debris, but there was no subsequent damage found.

NCDC[dead link]Tornado database files

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Jamie Rhome (2007). "Tropical Depression Ten Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-10-16.
  2. ^ Avila (2007). "September 18 Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  3. ^ Pasch (2007). "September 19 Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  4. ^ Pasch (2007). "September 20 Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  5. ^ a b Franklin (2007). "Subtropical Depression Ten Discussion One". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  6. ^ Franklin (2007). "Tropical Depression Ten Discussion Two". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  7. ^ Avila (2007). "Tropical Depression Ten Public Advisory Two-A". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  8. ^ Avila (2007). "Tropical Depression Ten Discussion Three". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  9. ^ a b Hedge (2007). "Tropical Depression Ten Public Advisory Four". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Retrieved 2007-09-22.[dead link]
  10. ^ a b David M. Roth (2007). "Tropical Depression #10 - September 18–23, 2007". Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. Archived from the original on 2008-06-16. Retrieved 2007-10-18. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  11. ^ Melbourne, Florida National Weather Service (2007). "Eustis Tornado". Archived from the original on 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2007-09-23.
  12. ^ (2007-09-21). "Florida Tornado Strikes 50 Homes". CBS News. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  13. ^ National Climatic Data Center (2007). "Event Report for Florida". Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
  14. ^ Godsey & Jamski (2007). "Tropical Depression Ten Post-Tropical Cyclone Report". Tallahassee, Florida National Weather Service. Archived from the original on 2010-06-17. Retrieved 2007-09-24.
  15. ^ a b c "Lightning Event Report for Florida". National Climatic Data Center. 2007. Archived from the original on 2012-01-13. Retrieved 2008-11-11. Cite error: The named reference "ncdc" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  16. ^ Avila (2007). "September 20 Tropical Weather Outlook (2)". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  17. ^ Franklin (2007). "Subtropical Depression Ten Public Advisory One". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  18. ^ New Orleans National Weather Service (2007). "Tropical Depression Ten Local Statement". Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  19. ^ Emily Wagster Pettus (2007-09-21). "After storm preparations, Miss. avoids tropical jolt". Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  20. ^ Times-Piscayne (2007). "Nagin announces storm shelter locations". Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  21. ^ Michael Winter (2007). "Gulf Coast braces for first tropical storm since Katrina". Archived from the original on 2007-10-10. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  22. ^ Tampa Bay National Weather Service (2007). "Coastal Hazard Message". Retrieved 2007-09-22.[dead link]
  23. ^ Beeler (2007). "Tropical Depression Ten Post Tropical Cyclone Report". Mobile, Alabama National Weather Service. Retrieved 2007-09-24.[dead link]
  24. ^ Brett Canton (2007-09-19). "As tropical low lurks, offshore companies exercise caution". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-09-21.[dead link]
  25. ^ Erwin Seba (2007-09-20). "Oil firms pull U.S. Gulf workers". Reuters. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  26. ^ Reuters (2007). "Foul weather slashes U.S. Gulf oil production". Retrieved 2007-09-21.

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