1913 Atlantic hurricane season

1913 Atlantic hurricane season
1913 Atlantic hurricane season map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedJune 22, 1913
Last system dissipatedOctober 30, 1913
Strongest storm
NameFour
 • Maximum winds85 mph (140 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure976 mbar (hPa; 28.82 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total storms6
Hurricanes4
Total fatalities≥5 total
Total damageAt least $4 million (1913 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915

The 1913 Atlantic hurricane season was a relatively inactive Atlantic hurricane season during which six tropical cyclones formed, four of which became hurricanes. The first storm developed on June 22, and the last dissipated on October 30. The official start of the season is generally considered to be June 1 with the end being October 31. Due to increased activity over the following decades, the official end of the hurricane season was shifted to November 30.[1]

Storms

Hurricane One

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
1913 Atlantic hurricane 1 track.png 
DurationJune 21 – June 29
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min) 

The first storm of the season was a Category 1 hurricane that struck Cancún, Mexico and Padre Island, Texas. The storm produced torrential rains which peaked in Montell, Texas as 20.6 in (523.24 m). At the time this was recorded, it was the highest 24 hour rainfall event recorded in Texas. The rains triggered damaging flooding which killed one person and damaging several buildings. Communications to the area were disrupted for several days following the storm.[2]

Tropical Storm Two

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
1913 Atlantic tropical storm 2 track.png 
DurationAugust 14 – August 16
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Two form in the open Atlantic and dissipated two days later.

Tropical Storm Three

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
1913 Atlantic tropical storm 3 track.png 
DurationAugust 26 – September 12
Peak intensity70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Three formed near Africa on August 26. It took a long track through the Atlantic. The storm nearly became a hurricane. Tropical Storm Three dissipated on September 12.

Hurricane Four

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
1913 Atlantic hurricane 4 track.png 
DurationAugust 30 – September 4
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)

The fourth storm was a Category 1 that came ashore near Cape Lookout, North Carolina. The storm produced heavy rains amounting to 2–5 in (51–127 mm) and high winds, mainly along the coastline. Water levels along the coast rose in excess of 10 ft (3 m), causing significant flooding. In Farmville, North Carolina, a warehouse collapsed, killing two boys inside. Three other people were killed in the state. About a mile (1.6 km) of roadways and bridges were washed away by the storm. Crops sustained significant damage throughout the state. Total property losses were estimated at $4–5 million.[2]

Hurricane Five

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
1913 Atlantic hurricane 5 track.png 
DurationOctober 6 – October 11
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

The fifth storm of the season was a hurricane that hit Charleston, South Carolina. Although the storm had been a hurricane at landfall, the highest recorded winds were 37 mph (60 km/h). Heavy rains, peaking at 4.88 in (123.95 mm), were recoded along the coast of South Carolina. Little or no damage was reported as a result of the storm.[2]

Hurricane Six

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
1913 Atlantic hurricane 6 track.png 
DurationOctober 28 – October 30
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

This storm form north of Honduras and east of the Yucatan Peninsula on October 28. The storm made landfall in Cuba and dissipated on October 30.

See also

References

  1. ^ Neal Dorst (1993). "When is hurricane season ?". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c B. Bunnemeyer (1914). "Monthly Weather Review for 1913" (PDF). Retrieved March 11, 2009.

External links

Template:1910-1919 Atlantic hurricane seasons